Pakistan Military

Posted on Posted in Business, Facts About Pakistan
Founded 14 August 1947
Country Pakistan
Type Army
Size 550,000 active troops
500,000 reserves
Headquarters Rawalpindi, GHQ
Motto Arabic:Iman, Taqwa, Jihad fi Sabilillah A follower of none but Allah, The fear of Allah, Jihad for Allah.[1]
Colors Green and White
Engagements 1947 Indo-Pakistan War
1965 Indo-Pakistan War
1971 Indo-Pakistan War
Soviet-Afghan War
Siachen conflict
Kargil War
Global War on Terror

List of Chiefs of Army Staff

  • General Sir Frank Messervy (August 15, 1947 – February 10, 1948)
  • General Sir Douglas David Gracey (February 11, 1948 – January 16, 1951)
  • Field Marshal Ayub Khan (January 16, 1951 – October 26, 1958)
  • General Musa Khan (October 27, 1958 – June 17, 1966)
  • General Yahya Khan (June 18, 1966 – December 20, 1971)
  • General Gul Hassan (December 20, 1971 – March 3, 1972)
  • General Tikka Khan (March 3, 1972 – March 1, 1976)
  • General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (April 1, 1976 – August 17, 1988)
  • General Mirza Aslam Beg (August 17, 1988 – August 16, 1991)
  • General Asif Nawaz (August 16, 1991 – January 8, 1993)
  • General Wahid Kakar (January 8, 1993 – December 1, 1996)
  • General Jehangir Karamat (December 1, 1996 – October 6, 1998)
  • General Pervez Musharraf (October 7, 1998 – November 28, 2007)
  • General Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani (November 28, 2007 – Present)


No. of Units Unit
9 Corps
19 Infantry Divisions
2 Artillery Divisions
17 Aviation Squadrons
1 2 Special forces Brigades with 5 Battalions
3 Armored Recce Regiment
6 Independent Mechanical Infantry Brigades
7 Independent Armoured brigades
9 Artillery Brigades
1 Air Defense Command with 3 Air Defense Groups, 8 AD Brigades
7 Engineer brigades
2 Armoured divisions


  • Hatf-I
  • Hatf-II (Abdali-I)
  • Hatf-III (Ghaznavi)
  • M-11
  • Ghaznavi
  • Hatf-V (Ghauri I)
  • Hatf-V (Ghauri II) carry Conventional and Nuclear
  • Ghauri-III Ballistic missile Range 4,000 km
  • Shaheen I
  • Shaheen II
  • Shaheen III
  • Babur missile

Military Awards of Pakistan

Nishan-e-Haider * (The Order of Haider) نشان حیدر
This is Pakistan’s highest decoration for the greatest acts of bravery in battle. The decoration may be awarded to any member of Pakistan’s armed forces, regardless of rank or branch of service, for extraordinary bravery in the face of the enemy. It is, therefore, in the same category as Great Britain’s Victoria Cross. Recipients of Nishan-e-Haider

Hilal-i-Jur’at *(Crescent of Courage)
Awarded to officers for acts of valor, courage, or devotion to duty in the face of the enemy.

Sitara-i-Jur’at *(Star of Courage)
Awarded to officers, junior commissioned officers, and warrant officers for gallantry and distinguished services in the face of the enemy. The decoration is roughly comparable to the British Military Cross.

Tamgha-i-Jur’at *(Medal of Courage)
Awarded to non-commissioned officers and enlisted men for gallantry and distinguished services in the face of the enemy. The decoration is roughly comparable to the British Distinguished Conduct Medal.

Tamgha-i-Basalat *(Medal of Good Conduct)
Awarded to all ranks of the Pakistani military for valor, courage, or devotion to duty while not in combat.

Sitara-i-Basalat * (Star of Good Conduct)
Awarded to all ranks of the Pakistani military for valor, courage, or devotion to duty while not in combat.

The table below shows the current deployment of Pakistani Forces in UN Peace keeping missions.

Operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Contribution
1999 United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) Democratic Republic of Congo Second Congo War 3,556 Troops.
2003 United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) Liberia Second Liberian Civil War 2,741 Troops.
2004 United Nations Operation in BurundiONUB Burundi Burundi Civil War 1,185 Troops.
2004 United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) Côte d’Ivoire Civil war in Côte d’Ivoire 1,145 Troops.
2005 United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) Sudan Second Sudanese Civil War 1,542 Troops.
  Staff/Observers     191 Observers.


Weapon Comments
Glock 17
Glock 26
Steyr M9A1 Recently acquired by the SSW.
Sub-machine guns (SMG) and carbines:
Heckler & Koch MP5 Manufactured by POF.Mpk5 version
Heckler & Koch MP5K Also in use by Airport Security Force and personal security detail of VIPs, manufactured by POF.
FN P90 f2000
Battle rifles
Heckler & Koch G3 The PA’s service rifle. G3A3, G3P4 variants in service.
Assault rifles
Type 56 Chinese-manufactured AK-47.[41]
Steyr AUG
FN F2000
M67 grenade
Sniper rifles
Karabiner 98k [42]
HK PSG1 [41]
M82 Barret  
Steyr SSG 69 [41]
Machine guns
FN Minimi Para
MG3 Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories.[43]
Grenade launchers
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle
Mk 19 grenade launcher
RPG-7 Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories


Vehicle/System/Aircraft Firm Number in Service Status
Main Battle Tanks (MBT)
Al-Khalid 320 In service, production and deliveries ongoing. 300 Al-Khalid ordered initially, later orders for upgraded Al-Khalid I.[46]
T-80UD 320 320[48] delivered by Ukraine between 1997 and early 2002, incorporating re-designed T-84 turret.[47]
Type 85-IIAP 275 500[citation needed] Type 85-IIAP built under license at Heavy Industries Taxila, later upgraded to Type 85-III.
Al-Zarrar 900 Upgraded form of Type 59-II.[46]
Type 69-II 250, 400 Produced under license, armed with 105 mm guns.[50]
Type 59 1100, 1200
T-54/55 54 Some sources say all in reserve storage [44]
Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC)
Hamza Infantry Fighting Vehicle[citation needed]
Al-Fahd Infantry fighting vehicle[citation needed] In Service[citation needed]
Talha[citation needed] Armoured Personnel Carrier Final number to be around 2,000[citation needed]
Sa’ad Armoured Personnel Carrier[citation needed] Currently in production[citation needed]
M113 Armoured Personnel Carrier 1,600 In Service
BTR-70/BTR-80 Armoured Personnel Carrier 720 In Service[51]
Mohafiz Light Armoured Personnel Carrier ??? In Service & Additional APCs being procured
Otokar Akrep Light Jeep 1,260 In Service[citation needed]
Al Qaswa Logistical Vehicle 500 Being procured
M88 ARV Armoured Recovery Vehicle In Service
Armoured Bridging Vehicles
M60A1 AVLB Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge In Service
M48 Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge In Service

Anti-tank missiles

  • Bakter-Shikan ATGM
  • BGM-71 TOW
  • BGM-71 TOW 2[60]
  • MILAN[61]

Air defence systems

Man-portable air defence systems
  • Anza Mk I, Anza Mk II, Anza Mk III (MANPAD)
  • SA-7 Grail
  • General Dynamics FIM-92 Stinger
  • General Dynamics FIM-43 Redeye
  • Bofors RBS-70 short-range SAM system
  • Mistral Man-portable air defence systems

Medium altitude air defence systems
  • Spada-2000, Advanced Air Defence System
  • Bofors RBS 23 medium range, all-weather capable air defence system

High altitude air defence systems
  • HQ-2B SAM
  • HQ-9

Anti-aircraft guns
  • Oerlikon(GDF-005) 35 mm twin cannon
  • Oerlikon AHEAD modified cannon
  • Bofors 40 mm cannon

Aircraft inventory

Pakistan Army operates nearly 150 helicopters alongside several aircraft.

Aircraft/System Role Quantity Comments
AH-1F/S Cobra Attack helicopter 40 One squadron supplied in 2010.
IAR 330 utility helicopter 4
Harbin Y-12 Utility aircraft 2
Cessna Citation Bravo Transport aircraft 2
Aero Commander 840 Transport aircraft 2
Mil Mi-17 Transport helicopter 85
Bell 206 Jet Ranger Utility helicopter 9, 13
Bell 412 Utility helicopter 95
Bell UH-1 Huey Utility helicopter 200
Eurocopter AS350 Utility helicopter 10
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma Utility helicopter 60
Aerospatiale SA.316 Alouette III Utility helicopter 10 Being phased out.